,

Maternal place of birth, socioeconomic characteristics, and child health in US-Born Latinx children in Boston

Abstract Objectives: Among US-born children of Latina US (USB) and Latina foreign-born mothers (FBM), to determine whether 1) household and child characteristics differ; 2) child health outcomes differ; 3) these differences diminish for children of FBM with longer duration of residence (DOR) in the US; and 4) these differences can be explained by food insecurity […]

,

Effects of Maternal Homelessness, Supplemental Nutrition Programs, and Prenatal PM2.5 on Birthweight

Abstract: Few studies examined the impact of maternal socioeconomic status and of its combined effects with environmental exposures on birthweight. Our goal was to examine the impact of maternal homelessness (mothers ever homeless or who lived in shelters during pregnancy) and participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) during […]

,

Part II: A Qualitative Study of Social Risk Screening Acceptability in Patients and Caregivers

Abstract Introduction: This study aimed to better understand patient and caregiver perspectives on social risk screening across different healthcare settings. Methods: As part of a mixed-methods multisite study, the authors conducted semistructured interviews with a subset of adult patients and adult caregivers of pediatric patients who had completed the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation […]

,

Part I: A Quantitative Study of Social Risk Screening Acceptability in Patients and Caregivers

Abstract Introduction: Despite recent growth in healthcare delivery-based social risk screening, little is known about patient perspectives on these activities. This study evaluates patient and caregiver acceptability of social risk screening. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 969 adult patients and adult caregivers of pediatric patients recruited from 6 primary care clinics and 4 […]

,

Patient experiences and provider perspectives on a hospital-based food pantry: a mixed methods evaluation study

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this evaluation study was to identify strengths and opportunities for improvement in programme functioning and common aspects of patients’ experiences at a hospital-based food pantry. Design: Semi-structured, in-depth interviews with patients and a cross-sectional survey for providers were used. Interview transcripts were coded using both inductive and deductive approaches and […]

,

Experiences of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination Are Associated with Food Insecurity and Poor Health

Abstract: This study examines the associations of mothers’ experiences of discrimination (EODs) with household food insecurity (HFI), physical health, and depressive symptoms, while taking into account the influence of mothers’ Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and public assistance participation. Mothers (N = 1372) of young children under age 4 who self-identified as Latinx, Non-Latinx Black/African American […]

,

Recommendations From SNAP Participants to Improve Wages and End Stigma

We present views of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) from the perspective of participants.We are SNAP participants and academic researchers who have worked together for 11 years to understand, explain, and address food insecurity. SNAP is ensnared in much larger problems in US society related to the stigmatization of people who are poor and […]

,

The Hunger Vital Sign Identifies Household Food Insecurity Among Children in Emergency Departments and Primary Care

This study aimed: (1) to examine the sensitivity and specificity of the 2-item Hunger Vital Sign against the 18-item Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM) in identifying young children in food insecure households in emergency department and primary care sites and (2) to examine associations between food insecurity and adverse health conditions. We conducted cross-sectional […]

,

SNAP, Young Children’s Health, and Family Food Security and Healthcare Access

Introduction: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest nutrition assistance program in the U.S. This study’s objective was to examine the associations between SNAP participation and young children’s health and development, caregiver health, and family economic hardships. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2006 to 2016 were analyzed in 2017 for families with children aged […]

,

Food Insecurity, Health, and Development in Children Under Age Four Years

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food insecurity and pediatric obesity affect young children. We abstract examine how food insecurity relates to obesity, underweight, stunting, health, and development among children, 4 years of age. METHODS: Caregivers of young children participated in a cross-sectional survey at medical centers in 5 US cities. Inclusion criteria were age of ,48 months. […]