Posts

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The immigrant birthweight paradox in an urban cohort: Role of immigrant enclaves and ambient air pollution

Immigrants are a rapidly growing population in the United States (US). By the year 2065, immigrants and subsequent generations will account for 88% of the country’s growth or ~103 million people [1]. As such, research that investigates drivers of perinatal health outcomes among immigrants is critical for shaping the health of future generations. Low birthweight […]

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Can the Hunger Vital Sign™ act as a prescreen for other social needs?

Over the past decade, the health care community has demonstrated growing interest in and commitment to addressing social determinants of health (SDOH) and patients’ social needs – the midstream manifestations of the impact of SDOH1 – in clinical settings. Four out of 5 US hospitals demonstrate leadership commitment to systematically address social needs as part […]

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Failure to Thrive or Growth Faltering: Medical, Developmental/Behavioral, Nutritional, and Social Dimensions

Practice Gap Beyond recognizing the medical and nonmedical dimensions that often interact to cause childhood growth faltering and malnutrition, it is important to understand the role of pediatric feeding disorders, to screen for and address social determinants of health, and to understand the multidisciplinary model of treatment. Objectives After completing this article, readers should be able […]

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Children’s HealthWatch Comment on the Supplemental Poverty Measure NASEM

Children’s HealthWatch appreciates the opportunity to comment on potential changes being considered in the 2021 review of the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). Headquartered at Boston Medical Center, we are a nonpartisan network of pediatricians, public health researchers, and children’s health and policy experts committed to improving children’s health in America. We do that by collecting […]

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Effects of Maternal Homelessness, Supplemental Nutrition Programs, and Prenatal PM2.5 on Birthweight

Abstract: Few studies examined the impact of maternal socioeconomic status and of its combined effects with environmental exposures on birthweight. Our goal was to examine the impact of maternal homelessness (mothers ever homeless or who lived in shelters during pregnancy) and participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) during […]

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Prenatal Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Participation: A Step Toward Human Capital Development

This JAMA Pediatrics editorial focuses on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program, evaluations of the program before and after the 2009 food package revisions, and a new JAMA Pediatrics quasi-experimental study by Hamad et al that looks at whether the revised 2009 WIC food package improved perinatal and birth […]

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Keeping Children’s Weight on Track: A Pathway to Health and Well-Being

This report card examines children’ weight over time. We looked at almost 3,000 infants and toddlers from low-income families who started life in a healthy state  – born at a healthy birth weight and at term. Most children remained at a healthy weight at both visits (on average 1 year apart). Children with an unhealthy […]

Can Food Insecurity Be Reduced in the United States by Improving SNAP, WIC, and the Community Eligibility Provision?

Adequate nutrition is essential to children’s rapidly developing brains and bodies. Lack of resources can lead to inadequate access to sufficient food (food insecurity). Fortunately, the United States has programs to provide children and families with nutritional support. Using simulation modeling, we identify three policies that ensure young children have reliable access to food. (i) […]

Keeping Science at the Center of Nutrition Policy

Every five years Congress reauthorizes the Child Nutrition Act, which is designed to meet the nutritional needs of children from the prenatal period through adolescence. The Act includes the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), the National School Lunch and National School Breakfast […]