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Household Hardships, Public Programs, and Their Association with the Health and Development of Very Young Children: Insights from Children’s HealthWatch

Many research and advocacy groups use econometrics and/or biostatistics to explore the health and educational effects of food insecurity. Children’s HealthWatch (formerly known as the Children’s Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program or C-SNAP) is one such group. Children’s HealthWatch was founded in 1998 to bring evidence and analysis from the front lines of pediatric care to policy […]

Cumulative Hardship and Wellness of Low-Income, Young Children: Multisite Surveillance Study

This article shows that the level of a novel cumulative index of 3 prevalent hardships (food, housing, and energy insecurity) is a robust predictor of the health and development of children 4 to 36 months of age. In a sample size of 7,141 participants, 37% reported no material hardship, 57% moderate hardship, and 6% severe […]

A Brief Indicator of Household Energy Security: Associations With Food Security, Child Health, and Child Development in US Infants and Toddlers

This article develops a clinical indicator of household energy security and assesses possible associations with food security, health, and developmental risk in children ≤ 36 months of age. As household energy insecurity increases, infants and toddlers experienced increased odds of household and child food insecurity and of reported poor health, hospitalizations, and developmental risks.  Pediatric health […]

Heat or Eat: The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program and Nutritional and Health Risks Among Children Less Than 3 Years of Age

This article evaluates the association between family’s participation or nonparticipation in the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the anthropometric status and health of their young children. In a sample of 7,074 caregivers, 16% of families received LIHEAP and although recipients had background characteristics suggesting higher medical and social risk, children in LIHEAP […]

Seasonal Variation in Weight-for-Age in a Pediatric Emergency Room

Abstract: Objective: The authors assess seasonal variations in the prevalence of low weight-for-age among young children visiting the pediatric emergency room of a city hospital. Methods: We analyzed data on 1,1 18 children ages 6 to 24 months who visited the Boston City Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department between July 1989 and June 1992. Medical diagnoses were documented on a randomly selected […]