Cumulative Hardship and Wellness of Low-Income, Young Children: Multisite Surveillance Study

This article shows that the level of a novel cumulative index of 3 prevalent hardships (food, housing, and energy insecurity) is a robust predictor of the health and development of children 4 to 36 months of age. In a sample size of 7,141 participants, 37% reported no material hardship, 57% moderate hardship, and 6% severe […]

Development and Validity of a 2-Item Screen to Identify Families at Risk for Food Insecurity

This article develops a brief screen to identify families at risk for food insecurity (FI) and evaluates the sensitivity, specificity, and convergent validity of the screen.  In a sample of 30,098 families, 23% were food insecure.  The Household Food Security Survey questions 1 and 2 were the most frequently endorsed among food-insecure families (92.5% and 89.1% respectively).  A […]

Household food insecurity is a risk factor for iron-deficiency anemia in a multi-ethnic, low-income sample of infants and toddlers

This article examines the relationships of household food security status with Fe deficiency (ID) and Fe-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among children less than 3 years of age, and associated factors that contribute to ID and IDA.  In a sample of 2,853 low income children aged <36 months, those from households with very low food security (VLFS) were […]

Food Insecurity and Risk of Poor Health Among US-Born Children of Immigrants

This article investigated the risk of household food insecurity and reported fair or poor health among very young children who were US citizens and whose mothers were immigrants compared with those whose mothers had been born in the United States.  In a sample of 19,275 mothers (7,216 whom were immigrants) the risk of fair or poor […]

A Brief Indicator of Household Energy Security: Associations With Food Security, Child Health, and Child Development in US Infants and Toddlers

This article develops a clinical indicator of household energy security and assesses possible associations with food security, health, and developmental risk in children ≤ 36 months of age. As household energy insecurity increases, infants and toddlers experienced increased odds of household and child food insecurity and of reported poor health, hospitalizations, and developmental risks.  Pediatric health […]

Food Security, Poverty, and Human Development

This article summarizes the data on household and children’s food insecurity and its relationship with children’s health and development and with mothers’ depressive symptoms.  Food insecurity can be a prevalent risk to the growth, health, cognitive, and behavioral potential to America’s poor and near-poor children.  In a country like the United States, food insecurity is readily measured […]

Household Food Insecurity: Associations with At-Risk Infant and Toddler Development

Controlling for established correlates of child development, 4- to 36-month-old children from low-income households with food insecurity are more likely than those from low-income households with food security to be at developmental risk. Public policies that ameliorate household food insecurity also may improve early child development and later school readiness.

Variation in breastfeeding behaviours, perceptions, and experience by race/ethnicity among a low-income statewide sample of Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participants in the United States

The objective of this study was to examine how breastfeeding behaviours, perceptions and experiences vary by race/ethnicity among a low-income sample in the USA. Bilingual interviewers conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey of 767 white, African American or Hispanic mothers who received the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Rates of breastfeeding initiation and […]

Breastfeeding and Health Outcomes among Citizen Infants of Immigrant Mothers

This article investigates the associations between breastfeeding and child health outcomes among citizen infants of immigrant mothers. In a sample of 3,592 immigrant mothers with infants aged 0-12 months, breastfed infants were less likely to be reported in fair/poor health and less likely to have history of hospitalizations compared to non-breastfed infants of immigrant mothers. […]

La alimentación y el bienestar de los ciudadanos estadounidenses más jóvenes de madres mexicanas, centroamericanas, y caribeñas

This study investigated the relationship between participation in federal nutrition and cash assistance programs and maternal and child well-being among immigrant households in the United States. The objective was to establish whether there were differences in well-being between US born families and immigrant families who come from Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean (Haiti, the […]