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Experiences of Racial and Ethnic Discrimination Are Associated with Food Insecurity and Poor Health

Abstract: This study examines the associations of mothers’ experiences of discrimination (EODs) with household food insecurity (HFI), physical health, and depressive symptoms, while taking into account the influence of mothers’ Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and public assistance participation. Mothers (N = 1372) of young children under age 4 who self-identified as Latinx, Non-Latinx Black/African American […]

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Recommendations From SNAP Participants to Improve Wages and End Stigma

We present views of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) from the perspective of participants.We are SNAP participants and academic researchers who have worked together for 11 years to understand, explain, and address food insecurity. SNAP is ensnared in much larger problems in US society related to the stigmatization of people who are poor and […]

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The Hunger Vital Sign Identifies Household Food Insecurity Among Children in Emergency Departments and Primary Care

This study aimed: (1) to examine the sensitivity and specificity of the 2-item Hunger Vital Sign against the 18-item Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM) in identifying young children in food insecure households in emergency department and primary care sites and (2) to examine associations between food insecurity and adverse health conditions. We conducted cross-sectional […]

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SNAP, Young Children’s Health, and Family Food Security and Healthcare Access

Introduction: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest nutrition assistance program in the U.S. This study’s objective was to examine the associations between SNAP participation and young children’s health and development, caregiver health, and family economic hardships. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 2006 to 2016 were analyzed in 2017 for families with children aged […]

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Food Insecurity, Health, and Development in Children Under Age Four Years

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Food insecurity and pediatric obesity affect young children. We abstract examine how food insecurity relates to obesity, underweight, stunting, health, and development among children, 4 years of age. METHODS: Caregivers of young children participated in a cross-sectional survey at medical centers in 5 US cities. Inclusion criteria were age of ,48 months. […]

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Constructing Invisible Walls through National and Global Policy

Worldwide 37,000 people are forced to flee their homes every day due to conflict and persecution. The factors that lead people to leave their home countries often originate with economic deprivation and violence, escalated to a level that becomes a struggle for survival. Climate change, as it has accelerated over the last three to four […]

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Housing Instability Among Families with Young Children with Special Health Care Needs

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children with special health care needs (SHCNs) have significant medical and educational expenses affecting household finances. Housing instability can be detrimental to family well-being. Our objective was to evaluate housing instability in households of children with and without SHCNs. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys (2013–2017) in English and Spanish of caregivers with children <4 […]

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Prenatal Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Participation: A Step Toward Human Capital Development

This JAMA Pediatrics editorial focuses on the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program, evaluations of the program before and after the 2009 food package revisions, and a new JAMA Pediatrics quasi-experimental study by Hamad et al that looks at whether the revised 2009 WIC food package improved perinatal and birth […]

Implementing an EHR-based Screening and Referral System to Address Social Determinants of Health in Primary Care

Background: Social determinants affect health, yet there are few systematic clinical strategies in primary care that leverage electronic health record (EHR) automation to facilitate screening for social needs and resource referrals. An EHR-based social determinants of health (SDOH) screening and referral model, adapted from the WE CARE model for pediatrics, was implemented in urban adult primary care. Objectives: This study aimed to: (1) understand […]

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Loss Of SNAP Is Associated With Food Insecurity And Poor Health In Working Families With Young Children

ABSTRACT: The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) helps working families meet their nutritional needs. Families whose earned income increases in a given month may have their SNAP benefits abruptly reduced or cut off in the following month. Using sentinel sample data from 2007–15 for families with children younger than age four, we investigated how SNAP […]