Heat or Eat: The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program and Nutritional and Health Risks Among Children Less Than 3 Years of Age

This article evaluates the association between family’s participation or nonparticipation in the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) and the anthropometric status and health of their young children. In a sample of 7,074 caregivers, 16% of families received LIHEAP and although recipients had background characteristics suggesting higher medical and social risk, children in LIHEAP […]

Child Food Insecurity Increases Risks Posed by Household Food Insecurity to Young Children’s Health

This article investigates whether child food insecurity (CFI) increases household food insecurity (HFI) and its effects on the health of young child and whether the Food Stamp Program (FSP) modifies these effects.  In a sample of 17,158 caregivers of children <36 months, those with HFI had significantly greater adjusted odds of fair/poor health and being hospitalized […]

Subsidized Housing and Children’s Nutritional Status: Data from a Multisite Surveillance Study

This article examines the relationship between receiving housing subsidies and nutritional health status among young children in low-income families, especially those that are food insecure.  In a sample of 11,723 low-income renter families; children of the food-insecure families not receiving housing subsidies had lower weight for age compared with children of food insecure families receiving housing […]

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children Participation and Infants’ Growth and Health: A Multisite Surveillance Study

This article investigates associations between the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation and indicators of underweight, overweight, length, caregiver-perceived health, and household food security among infants ≤ 12 months of age at 6 urban health centers and clinics. In a sample of 5,923 WIC eligible caregivers, 91% were receiving WIC.  After […]

Food Insecurity is Associated with Adverse Health Outcomes among Human Infants and Toddlers

The purpose of this study was to determine whether household food insecurity is associated with adverse health outcomes in a sentinel population ages ≤36 months.  In a sample of 11,539 caregivers of children ≤ 36 months 21.4% were food insecure.  In a logistic regression, adjusting for confounders, food-insecure children had odds of “fair or poor” health nearly […]

Clinical Implications of Household Food Security: Definitions, Monitoring, and Policy

Poverty-related food insecurity is a reality that many clinicians in nutrition and health care encounter either directly or indirectly.

Welfare Reform and the Health of Young Children

A report based on Children’s HealthWatch findings published in the July 2002 Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. Welfare sanctions and benefit decreases have serious negative implications for infants and toddlers’ health and food security.

Seasonal Variation in Weight-for-Age in a Pediatric Emergency Room

Abstract: Objective: The authors assess seasonal variations in the prevalence of low weight-for-age among young children visiting the pediatric emergency room of a city hospital. Methods: We analyzed data on 1,1 18 children ages 6 to 24 months who visited the Boston City Hospital Pediatric Emergency Department between July 1989 and June 1992. Medical diagnoses were documented on a randomly selected […]