WIC Participation and Attenuation of Stress-Related Child Health Risks of Household Food Insecurity and Caregiver Depressive Symptoms

This article examined how family stressors relate to child health and how participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), attenuated health risks. In a sample of 26,950 WIC eligible caregivers with young children, the authors found that as stressors increased the odds of child fair/poor health, hospitalizations and developmental […]

Household Hardships, Public Programs, and Their Association with the Health and Development of Very Young Children: Insights from Children’s HealthWatch

Many research and advocacy groups use econometrics and/or biostatistics to explore the health and educational effects of food insecurity. Children’s HealthWatch (formerly known as the Children’s Sentinel Nutrition Assessment Program or C-SNAP) is one such group. Children’s HealthWatch was founded in 1998 to bring evidence and analysis from the front lines of pediatric care to policy […]

US Housing Insecurity and the Health of Very Young Children

This article investigated the association between housing insecurity and the health of very young children. Housing insecurity indicators were defined as crowded (>2 people/bedroom or >1 family/residence) and multiple moves (≥ 2 moves within the previous year).  Crowding and multiple moves was associated with household and child food security and the multiple moves indicator was […]

Cumulative Hardship and Wellness of Low-Income, Young Children: Multisite Surveillance Study

This article shows that the level of a novel cumulative index of 3 prevalent hardships (food, housing, and energy insecurity) is a robust predictor of the health and development of children 4 to 36 months of age. In a sample size of 7,141 participants, 37% reported no material hardship, 57% moderate hardship, and 6% severe […]

Development and Validity of a 2-Item Screen to Identify Families at Risk for Food Insecurity

This article develops a brief screen to identify families at risk for food insecurity (FI) and evaluates the sensitivity, specificity, and convergent validity of the screen.  In a sample of 30,098 families, 23% were food insecure.  The Household Food Security Survey questions 1 and 2 were the most frequently endorsed among food-insecure families (92.5% and 89.1% respectively).  A […]

Household food insecurity is a risk factor for iron-deficiency anemia in a multi-ethnic, low-income sample of infants and toddlers

This article examines the relationships of household food security status with Fe deficiency (ID) and Fe-deficiency anaemia (IDA) among children less than 3 years of age, and associated factors that contribute to ID and IDA.  In a sample of 2,853 low income children aged <36 months, those from households with very low food security (VLFS) were […]

Food Insecurity and Risk of Poor Health Among US-Born Children of Immigrants

This article investigated the risk of household food insecurity and reported fair or poor health among very young children who were US citizens and whose mothers were immigrants compared with those whose mothers had been born in the United States.  In a sample of 19,275 mothers (7,216 whom were immigrants) the risk of fair or poor […]

A Brief Indicator of Household Energy Security: Associations With Food Security, Child Health, and Child Development in US Infants and Toddlers

This article develops a clinical indicator of household energy security and assesses possible associations with food security, health, and developmental risk in children ≤ 36 months of age. As household energy insecurity increases, infants and toddlers experienced increased odds of household and child food insecurity and of reported poor health, hospitalizations, and developmental risks.  Pediatric health […]

Food Security, Poverty, and Human Development

This article summarizes the data on household and children’s food insecurity and its relationship with children’s health and development and with mothers’ depressive symptoms.  Food insecurity can be a prevalent risk to the growth, health, cognitive, and behavioral potential to America’s poor and near-poor children.  In a country like the United States, food insecurity is readily measured […]

Household Food Insecurity: Associations with At-Risk Infant and Toddler Development

Controlling for established correlates of child development, 4- to 36-month-old children from low-income households with food insecurity are more likely than those from low-income households with food security to be at developmental risk. Public policies that ameliorate household food insecurity also may improve early child development and later school readiness.