Mothers’ Adverse Childhood Experiences and Their Young Children’s Development

Introduction This study examined how mothers’ Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children’s developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers’ depressive symptoms and fair/poor health. Methods Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children’s hospital between March 2012 and […]

Civil Unrest in the Context of Chronic Community Violence: Impact on Maternal Depressive Symptoms

Objectives: To examine changes in maternal–child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray’s death while in police custody. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional Children’s HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal–child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily […]

Association of Food Insecurity with Children’s Behavioral, Emotional, and Academic Outcomes: A Systematic Review

ABSTRACT: Objective: Food Insecurity (FI) occurs in 21% of families with children and adolescents in the United States, but the potential developmental and behavioral implications of this prevalent social determinant of health have not been comprehensively elucidated. This systematic review aims to examine the association between FI and childhood developmental and behavioral outcomes in western […]

Childhood Adversity and Adult Reports of Food Insecurity Among Households With Children

Exposure to childhood adversity, including abuse, neglect, and household dysfunction, is associated with negative long-term health and economic outcomes. Little is known about how adversity exposure in parents’ early lives may be related to later food insecurity for parents and their children. This study investigated the association between female caregivers’ adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and […]

Children with Special Health Care Needs, Supplemental Security Income, and Food Insecurity

This study assesses food insecurity in low-income households with young children with/without special health care needs (SHCN) and evaluates relationships between child Supplemental Security Income (SSI) receipt and food insecurity. Of the 6,724 children included in the study sample, 81.5% screened negative for SHCN, 14.8% positive for SHCN (no SSI), and 3.7% had SHCN and received SSI. After covariate […]

Trends in Household and Child Food Insecurity Among Families with Young Children from 2007 to 2013

The aim of this study is to compare the rates of household food insecurity and child food insecurity among SNAP-participating and SNAP eligible but not participating households with children under age three years during and immediately following the Great Recession.This paper first analyzes food insecurity trends from 2007 to 2013, separately for household food insecurity and child food insecurity and […]

‘‘Do You Wanna Breathe or Eat?’’: Parent Perspectives on Child Health Consequences of Food Insecurity, Trade-Offs, and Toxic Stress

This study among 51 parents of young children under age four investigated how parents that report marginal, low and very low food security characterize how trade-offs associated with food insecurity affect parents’ mental health and child well-being.Parents described how trade-offs associated with food insecurity have a profound relationship with their mental health and home environment that strongly affects young children. Partnerships between healthcare […]

Development of an Index of Subsidized Housing Availability and its Relationship to Housing Insecurity

Housing insecurity is a known threat to child health understanding predictors of housing insecurity can help inform policies to protect the health of young children in low-income households. This study sheds light on the relationship between housing insecurity and availability of housing that is affordable to low-income households. We developed a county-level index of availability of subsidized housing […]

Co-enrollment for Child Health: How Receipt and Loss of Food and Housing Subsidies Relate to Housing Security and Statutes for Streamlined, Multi-Subsidy Application

We hypothesized that children living in households eligible for federal food and/or housing assistance and receiving these benefits have higher odds of being housing secure than children in households that are eligible for but not receiving food and/or housing benefits, after controlling for potential confounding factors. Additionally, children living in households that have lost housing […]

Homelessness During Pregnancy: A Unique, Time-Dependent Risk Factor of Birth Outcomes

This article evaluates homelessness during pregnancy as a unique, time-dependent risk factor for adverse birth outcomes. Prenatal homelessness was associated with higher adjusted odds of low birth weight and preterm delivery, and lower adjusted mean birth weight. Postnatal homelessness was not associated with these outcomes. Prenatal homelessness is an independent risk factor for low birth weight, rather than merely a marker of adverse […]